High Performance Polymer/Ionic Liquid Thermoplastic Solid Electrolyte Prepared by Solvent Free Processing for Solid State Lithium Metal Batteries

Francisco González, Pilar Tiemblo, Nuria García, Oihane Garcia-Calvo, Elisabetta Fedeli, Andriy Kvasha, Idoia Urdampilleta
Membranes 2018, 8, 55; DOI:10.3390/membranes80300 OPEN ACCESS

A polymer/ionic liquid thermoplastic solid electrolyte based on poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), modified sepiolite (TPGS-S), lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI), and 1-Butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (PYR14TFSI) ionic liquid is prepared using solvent free extrusion method. Its physical-chemical, electrical, and electrochemical properties are comprehensively studied. The investigated solid electrolyte demonstrates high ionic conductivity together with excellent compatibility with lithium metal electrode. Finally, truly Li-LiFePO4 solid state coin cell with the developed thermoplastic solid electrolyte demonstrates promising electrochemical performance during cycling under 0.2 C/0.5 C protocol at 60 ºC.